presents an alternative paradigm of production based on ecological
principles such as recycling wastes, minimizing energy and water use,
maximizing genetic diversity, regenerating soil and increasing its
carbon content, integrating livestock and crops into a holistic
system, and promoting other beneficial biological synergies.
Moreover, agroecological methods have the potential to actually boost
production and farm incomes, particularly in the global South.
Permaculture, perhaps the most widely practiced form of agroecology,
also provides an ethical framework and principles that serve as a
basis for discerning actions that enable the design of diverse,
sustainable systems suited to a wide variety of cultural and